Silk Road / Byzantium / Korea / China general:

Arta.Asia. 2011. Arta.Asia - Asian art. Antiques, Objects of vertu, Contemporary and Ancient.

Asia Society. Monks and Merchants: Silk Road Treasures from Northwest China, Gansu and Ningxia, 4th-7th Century.

Bosworth, C. Edmund. 2010. Nishapur i. Historical Geography and History to the Beginning of the 20th Century.

Boulnois, Luce. Silk Road: Monks, Warriors & Merchants on the Silk Road. Beijing: Odyssey, 2004.

Byzantine Philology. Byzantine News.

Cameron, Averil. The Byzantines. Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons, 2009.

Chinoook. 2010. Great Wall Forum: Song Great Wall in Northern Shanxi.

Chinoook. 2010. Great Wall Forum: The Brick Riddle.

Dani, Ahmad Hasan. History of Civilizations of Central Asia: The crossroads of civilizations, A.D. 250 to 750. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass Publishers, 1999.

Dawson, Timothy. 2012. Levantia: The Roman Empire and Near East Between Ninth and Thirteenth Centuries.

Dumbarton Oaks. 2012. Byzantine Online Publications.

Ellisseef, Vadime. The Silk Roads: Highways of Culture and Commerce. Oxford: Berghahn Books, 2000.

Forbes, Andrew and Henley, David. 2012. Discover Xi'an.

Geens, Stefan. 2010. Ogle Earth - The Last Days of Old Kashgar.

Gladney, Dru. Xinjiang: "China's Pre- and Post-Modern Crossroad." In The Silk Road Vol. 1. Saratoga: Silk Road Foundation. 2003.

Gross, Rolf, The Ancient Silk Road. 2010.

Gross, Rolf. 1984-2000, 2009. Synchronology of China, Central Asia and Europe.

Halsall, Paul. 1998. East Asian History Sourcebook: Chinese Accounts of Rome, Byzantium and the Middle East, c. 91 B.C.E. - 1643 C.E.

Halsall, Paul. 2001. Medieval Sourcebook: Anna Comnena: The Alexiad.

Hansen, Roger D. Karez (Qanats) of Turpan, China.

Harvard Library Research Guides. 2012. Research Guides for Classics, Byzantine and Medieval Studies.

Hill, John E. Through the Jade Gate to Rome: A Study of the Silk Routes During the Later Han Dynasty 1st to 2nd Centuries CE. Charleston: BookSurge Publishing, 2009.

Hogan, C. Michael, 2007. Silk Road Northern China - Ancient Trackway.

Hunt, Patrick. 2011. Byzantine Silk: Smuggling and Espionage in the 6th Century CE.

IDP Staff. 1998. International Dunhuang Project.

Kamoliddin, Shamsiddin. 2006. New Data on the Bazrs of Medieval Samarqand. Tashkent: Tashkent State Pedagogical University.

Konieczny, Peter and Sadowski, Sandra. 2010. Medievalists Net.

Lunde, Paul. "The Silk Roads: A History." In Travelling The Silk Road Vol. 39, No. 4. 1988.

M., Kelly. Eye on East Asia Blog.

Mango, Marlia Mundell. Byzantine Trade, 4th-12th Centuries: The Archaeology of Local, Regional and International Exchange : Papers of the Thirty-eighth Spring Symposium of Byzantine Studies, St John's College, University of Oxford, March 2004. London: Ashgate, 2009.

Manning, Michael D. 2006. The Opposite End of China.

Medieval Archives. 2011. Medieval Archives.

Medieval World. 2010. The Medieval World Blog.

NE Asia Archeology. 2009. North East Asia Archeology.

Philemon, Mariamne and Alexandros, Damaris. 2009. Peiraeus Public Library.

Rosen, Staffan. "Korea and the Silk Roads." In The Silk Road Vol. 6, No. 2, page 3-15. Saratoga: Silk Road Foundation. 2009.

Silk Road Foundation. 1998. The Silk Road Foundation Org.

Summers, Josh. 2010. Far West China - A Bridge from East to West.

Tamm, Eric Enno. 2010. The Horse that Leaps Through the Clouds.

Tour D'Afrique. 2012. Silk Route Blog.

UNESCO. 2001. Samarkand: Crossroad of Cultures.

Vasiliev, Alexander A. History of the Byzantine Empire, 324-1453, Volume 1. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1958.

Van Roon, Hans. 2008. Mongols, China and the Silk Road.

Victoria and Albert Museum. Sir Aurel Stein & the Silk Road finds - Dunhuang, Hami, Kharakhoto and The Limes Watchtowers.

Walters Art Museum Manuscript Department. Medieval Manuscripts.

Waugh, Daniel and Lee, Adela. 2000. Travelers on the Silk Road.

Waugh, Daniel C. 2001. Silk Road Seattle.

Wertz, Richard R. "Sino Relations With Rome." International Relations: Relations During Imperial China. 1998-2012.

Whitfield, Roderick and Otsuka, Seigo. 1996. Dunhuang: Caves of the Singing Sands, Buddhist Art from the Silk Road.

Wild, Oliver. 1992. The Silk Road.

Romans, Byzantines and China.

Aprim, Fred. The Nestorian Monument in China.

Gruber, Ethan. 2007. The Origins of Roman Li-Chien. Charlottesville: University of Virginia.

Halsall, Paul. 1998. East Asian History Sourcebook: Ch'ing-Tsing: Nestorian Tablet: Eulogizing the Propagation of the Illustrious Religion in China, with a Preface, composed by a priest of the Syriac Church, 781 A.D.

Halsall, Paul. 1998. East Asian History Sourcebook: Chinese Accounts of Rome, Byzantium and the Middle East, c. 91 B.C.E. - 1643 C.E.

Hill, John E., 2003. "The Kingdom of Da Qin (Rome)." In The Western Regions According to the 'Hou Hanshu'.

Hill, John E. (translator) and Yu Huan. 429, 2004. "The Peoples of the West." In Weilue.

History of the Ancient World. Descendants of Alexander the Greatís army fought in ancient China, historian finds. July 9, 2012.

Latourette, Kenneth Scott. The Chinese, Their History and Culture. Universal Digital Library. 1962, 2001.

Lendering, Jona. 1997, 2006. Silk Road.

Lin, Ying. "Solidi in China and Monetary Culture Along the Silk Road." In The Silk Road vol. 3, No. 2. 2005.

Schoff, Wilfred H. 1917, 2006. "Navigation to the Far East Under the Roman Empire." In Journal of the American Oriental Society Vol. 37 (1917), p. 240-249.*.html

Silk Road Foundation. 1997-2000. The First Contact Between Rome and China.

Squires, Nick, "Chinese Villagers 'Descended From Roman Soldiers.'" The Telegraph, Rome. November, 2010.,0#

Xinhua, "Hunt for Roman Legion Reaches China." China Daily, Lanzhou. November, 2010.

Zhang Ziang, "Big Noses, Curly Hair on Empress's Coffin Suggests Deep Cultural Exchange on Silk Road." Xinhua Net, Xi'an, September, 2010.


Ambrose, Chris and Ostrowski, Brent. 1999-2003. Map of the Byzantine Empire 1143AD.

Author Unknown. Silk Road Map with Trade Goods.

Author Unknown. Silk Road Map from West to East.

Captain Blood. 2005. Seidenstrasse GMT (Silk Road Map).

Centralasiatraveler. 2008. Xinjiang Map, 1535x1273, Chinese & English, roads, distances in km, China.

China Highlights. Great Wall of China Full Length Map.

China History Podcast. 2012. The Silk Road 300BC-100AD.

China Tourist Maps. China's Foreign Imports and Trade Routes in History.

China Tourist Maps. China Province Maps.

China Tourist Maps. Map of the Old Silk Route Between Europe and China.

China Travel Guide. Silk Road Map in English.

Goodman, Amanda. 2009. Silk Road Toronto Basic Map.

Gross, Rolf. The Ancient Silk Road Google Earth Overlay - 1st Century BC to 14th Century AD.

Le Grand, Louis. 2010. Map of the Construction of the Great Wall During Chinese History.

OrexCA (Oriental Express Central Asia). 2003-2012. Silk Road.

Silk Road Project. Map of Silk and Other Trade Routes.

Clothing and Armor.

Aredniowieczne Skornictwo. Lamellar armor. Poland.

Author Unknown. 2008. Byzantine Fresca from St. Lucas.

Baker, Jenny and Wyley, Stephen Francis. 1999-2000. Byzantine Men's Tunica. Australia.

Beatson, Peter. 1999-2000. Byzantine Lamellar Armor: Conjectural Reconstruction of a Find from the Great Palace in Istanbul, Based on Early Medieval Parallels. Australia.

Beatson, Peter. 2009. Byzantine Legwear - An Interesting Constructional Detail From St. Savior in Chora. Australia.

Beatson, Peter. 2011. Armor in Byzantium in the early years of the Varangian Guard, with special reference to limb defenses. Australia.

Black Tauna. 1995. Byzantine Clothing.

China Culture. 2003. Costume in the Song Dynasty. Beijing.

Dawson, Timothy. Clothing in Romania (Byzantium) and Its Neighbors. Australia.

Finkelshteyn, Norman J. 1997. Silk Road Designs Armory.

Goreyon, 2009, History of Ancient Korea,

Lowe, Steven. The Armor of the Varangian Guards. Australia.

Lu, Yang. Chinese Clothing: Five Thousand Years of History.

Macao Museum of Art. History of Steel in Eastern Asia: Korea. Macao.

Mugap. 2010. Kingdom of Goreyo Era Lamellar Armor.

Nicholson, Andy and Lothian, Alaric of. 1989-1990. Much Ado About Bondage: Lamellar. Bristol.

Reagan, Ann. 2008. Swords of Korea: 200 to 1600AD.

Robinson, Scott R. 2000-2010. Romanesque / Byzantine Clothing.

Van Roon, Hans. 2012. Roman Jewelry Found in Ancient Japan. Rotterdam.

Vukson-Van Beek, Dawn. Byzantine Costume.

Yike, Jiang. 2006. Chinese Clothing.

Food and Medicine.

Adler-France, Chris. 2005. Medieval Pasta: History, Preparation and Recipes.

Baker, Jenny. 2008. Byzantine Recipes. Australia.

Brubaker, Leslie and Linardou, Kallirroe. Eat, Drink, and be Merry (Luke 12:19): Food and Wine in Byzantium : Papers of the 37th Annual Spring Symposium of Byzantine Studies, in Honor of Professor A.A.M. Bryer. London: Ashgate Publishing. 2007.

Chu, Joe H. K. Dictionary of Chinese Herbs (in English and Chinese).

Friedman, David and Cook, Elizabeth. 1988, 1990, 1992. Cariadoc's Miscellany: Recipes.

Harris, Mark S. 1989-2012. Stefan's Florilegium: Food By Region.

Hellenic Macedonia. Everyday Life in Byzantium: Nutrition.

HKBU Library. Chinese Medicine Specimen Database.

Kelley, Laura. 2008. The Silk Road Gourmet.

Liu, Junru. Chinese Food. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 2011.

Matterer, James L. 1997-2009. Gode Cookery.

Miller, Timothy S. The Birth of the Hospital in the Byzantine Empire. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. 1997.

Newman, Jacqueline M. "Song Dynasty and Its Foods." In Food in History, Issue 15, pages 20-21. 2008.

Oriental Discovery. Ancient Vegetables.

Science Museum Brought to Life. Byzantine Hospitals.

Sterckx, Roel. Food, Sacrifice, and Sagehood in Early China. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 2011.

Tea Detective. The Song Carry on the Refined Tea Etiquette, Rituals and Social Rules of the Tang Era.

Wei, Anne. 1000 Year Old Chinese Cuisine: Food in the Song Dynasty.

Wertz, Richard R. 1988-2011. Food and Drink in China: History, Culture, Recipes.

Wertz, Richard R. 1988-2011. Traditional Chinese Medicine.

Homosexuality in Byzantium and China.

Aitken, Robert. 1996. A Zen Buddhist Perspective on Same-Sex Marriage.

Baun, Jane. Tales from Another Byzantium: Celestial Journey and Local Community in the Medieval Greek Apocrypha. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 2007.

Boswell, John. Christianity, Social Tolerance, and Homosexuality: Gay People in Western Europe from the Beginning of the Christian Era to the Fourteenth Century. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 2005.

Bowman, John Stewart. Columbia Chronologies of Asian History and Culture. New York: Columbia University Press. 2000.

Carroll, Janell L. Sexuality Now: Embracing Diversity. Stamford: Cengage Learning. 2009.

Crompton, Louis. Homosexuality and Civilization. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. 2006.

Halsall, Paul. 1996. Coptic Spell: Spell for a Man to Obtain a Male Lover (Egypt, perhaps 6th century).

Halsall, Paul. 1996. The Homosexual Tradition in China: Selections from Chinese Homosexual Literature.

Halsall, Paul. 1986. Medieval Sourcebook: Two Versions of the Adelphopoiia Rite.

James, Liz. Denial: Same-sex Desire in Byzantium. London: Ashgate/Variorum. 1999.

Karras, Rut Mazo. Sexuality in Medieval Europe: Doing Unto Others. London: Routledge. 2005.

Kimmel, Michael S. and Hearn, Jeff and Connell, Robert W. Handbook of Studies on Men and Masculinities. Thousand Oaks: SAGE. 2004.

Knobel, Paul. 2002-2009. A World Overview of Male Homosexual Poetry.

Neill, James. The Origins and Role of Same-Sex Relations in Human Societies. Jefferson: McFarland. 2009.

Norton, Rictor. 1997, 1998. "Joined Delight: The Gay Love Letters of Bo Juyi to Yuan Zhen and Others." In Gay History and Literature: Essays by Rictor Norton.

Utopia-Asia. Homosexuality in the Korean Historical Record.

About L. J.

L.J. LaBarthe is a French-Australian woman, who was born during the Witching Hour, just after midnight. From this auspicious beginning, she went on to write a prize-winning short story about Humpty Dumpty wearing an Aussie hat complete with corks dangling from it when she was six years old. From there, she wrote for her high school yearbook, her university newspaper, and, from her early teens to her twenties, produced a fanzine about the local punk rock music scene. She enjoys music, languages, TV, film, travel, cooking, eating out, abandoned places, urbex, history, and researching. L.J. loves to read complicated plots and hopes to do complex plot lines justice in her own writing. She writes paranormal, historical, urban fantasy, and contemporary Australian stories, usually m/m romance and featuring m/m erotica. L.J. lives in the city of Adelaide, and is owned by her cat.